How to Set Up a Custom Domain CDN for Google Cloud Storage
This article assumes that you’ve already set up a Google Cloud Storage (GCS) bucket and followed the steps within our Google Cloud Storage Quick Start Guide.
To use a CDN and custom domain with the GCS bucket being used with WP Offload Media, you need to create a Load Balancer in your Google Cloud Platform (GCP) project. The load balancer is required in order to properly terminate HTTPS traffic with a certificate and then route the request and response via the CDN enabled backend, which in this case will be a GCS bucket.
This guide assumes you’re setting up a load balancer for the first time in the GCP project that hosts your bucket. If you’ve already created load balancers and other related configurations in your project and want to re-use them, then please adjust these instructions accordingly.
Sign in to GCP via the Console home page and navigate to Load Balancing within the Network Services section. Click the “Create load balancer” button.
You’ll need to create a “HTTP(S) Load Balancing” type of load balancer, click its “Start Configuration” button.
Give the new load balancer a short and relevant name, and then from the Backend configuration section select “Create a backend bucket”.
In the Create backend bucket panel give it a short and relevant name, then browse for and select the bucket you’re already using with WP Offload Media.
It’s at this point that we specify that we want to use a CDN to cache the objects being served by the bucket backend, so you should also make sure to select the “Enable Cloud CDN” option within the Cloud CDN section before clicking the “Create” button.
Skip the Host and path rules section as the defaults are fine, and move on to the Frontend configuration section. Here you need to ensure the “HTTPS” protocol is selected, and from the IP address dropdown select the “Create IP address” option.
In the Reserve a new static IP address dialog enter a short and relevant name and description, then click the “RESERVE” button.
As you’re creating a load balancer frontend that handles HTTPS traffic it needs a certificate, so within the Certificate dropdown click the “Create a new certificate” option.
In the Create a new certificate panel enter a short and relevant name for the certificate, then select “Create Google-managed certificate” as the create mode. In the Domains section add the custom domain you wish to use for the CDN that fronts your offloaded media, make sure to click or tab out of the domain entry box to enable the “Create” button, which you can click to save the new certificate.
Now you just need to finalize the HTTPS frontend settings by clicking the “Done” button.
At this point you can optionally add another frontend for HTTP traffic. If you wish to do so, click the “+ Add Frontend IP and port” button underneath the new HTTPS frontend.
The configuration for this frontend is much quicker, just select the same IP address that you set up for the HTTPS frontend and then click “Done”.
Now review the settings and if all looks good click that “Create” button!
The load balancer and certificate will start provisioning.
It can take a good few minutes for the certificate in particular to provision, so while you wait set up the CNAME record for your custom domain using the IP address that you reserved earlier. The UI for creating a CNAME record varies from one DNS provider to another, but here’s what ours looked like.
It can also take some time for DNS changes to populate around the world, so now’s a good time for tea and biscuits.
Once both your certificate and DNS changes have provisioned you can update WP Offload Media to use the new domain by turning on the “Custom Domain (CDN)” setting and entering the new domain before clicking the “Save Changes” button.
Congratulations, your site should now be serving its Google Cloud Storage hosted Media Library via a CDN using a shiny new domain!